Footnotes and Further Reading

Alexander Hamilton

Footnote # 1

Alexander Hamilton to Edward Stevens, November 11, 1769 quoted in Ron Chernow, Alexander Hamilton (NY: Penguin Press, 2004), 31.

Footnote # 2

The traditional birth date for Hamilton is 1757. However, conflicting documentary evidence and Hamilton's apparent desire to subtract two years from his actual age when he arrived in North America suggests that 1755 is a more likely date. For a discussion of the evidence, see Ibid., 46-48.

Footnote # 3

Alexander Hamilton to John Jay, November 26, 1775, quoted in Ibid., 69

Footnote # 4


Footnote # 5

Ibid., 162-4.

Footnote # 6

Forrest McDonald, Alexander Hamilton, A Biography (NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1979), 43-8; 161-63; James E. Ferguson, The Power of the Purse: A History of American Public Finance, 1776-1790 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1961), 171.

Footnote # 7

Chernow, Alexander Hamilton, 225.

Footnote # 8

McDonald, Alexander Hamilton, 91.

Footnote # 9

Ibid., 93

Footnote # 10


Footnote # 11

Clinton Rossiter, ed., The Federalist Papers (New York : Penguin Books, 1961), Federalist #6.

Footnote # 12

Rhode Island did not ratify until 1790. For a discussion of Rhode Island and ratification, see Irwin J. Polishook, Rhode Island and the Union (Evanston, Northwestern University Press, 1969)

Footnote # 13

McDonald, Alexander Hamilton, 163-71

Footnote # 14

Ellis, Joseph J. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation (NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001), 20-47.

Further Reading

Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. NY: Penguin Press, 2004.

Ferguson, James E. The Power of the Purse: A History of American Public Finance, 1776-1790. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.

Gross, Robert A., ed. In Debt to Shays: The Bicentennial of an Agrarian Rebellion. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993.

Kaminski, John P. Saladino, Gaspare J., Leffler, Richard, Schoenleber, Charles H. and Margaret A. Hogan eds., The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, Ratification of the States. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1986-2007, vol. 4.

McDonald, Forrest. Alexander Hamilton, A Biography. NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1979).

Richards, Leonard. Shays's Rebellion: The American Revolution's Final Battle. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.

Rossiter, Clinton, ed. The Federalist Papers. New York : Penguin Books, 1961.

Starkey, Marion L. A Little Rebellion. New York, Knopf, 1955.